What is Reunion's marine biodiversity?

Introduction to marine biodiversity

Marine biodiversity is a precious treasure teeming with life and wonders. Oceans cover more than 70% of our planet's surface, home to an incredible diversity of sea creatures. Among these wonders, the island of Reunion is renowned for its exceptional underwater riches. In this article, we will explore the marine biodiversity of Reunion Island, discover its unique ecosystems and meet some of its emblematic species.

Reunion: an island with underwater riches

Located in the Indian Ocean, the island of Reunion is a true paradise for nature lovers. It offers an exceptional marine environment, with a variety of ecosystems ranging from coral reefs to turquoise lagoons and mysterious depths. Reunion is also a breeding site for many marine species, making it a privileged location for scientists and divers.

What is marine biodiversity?

Marine biodiversity refers to all living organisms that inhabit the oceans, from the smallest microorganisms to the largest marine mammals. This diversity is essential to the balance of marine ecosystems and plays a crucial role in keeping our planet healthy. Marine biodiversity includes a wide variety of species, life forms and habitats, offering endless possibilities for exploration and discovery.

Discovery of the ecosystems of Reunion

Réunion is home to a multitude of fascinating marine ecosystems, each offering its own unique biodiversity. Divers and snorkeling enthusiasts can explore the coral reefs, where colorful fish and spectacular corals hide. The shallow lagoons are home to a multitude of small marine organisms, while the deeper waters are the domain of amazing creatures such as rays and sharks.

Emblematic marine species

The marine biodiversity of Reunion Island is also marked by the presence of emblematic species. Among them, we find the spinner dolphin, which is often observed in Reunion waters. These fascinating dolphins are known for their acrobatics and intelligence. Sea turtles are also valuable guests of Reunion Island, notably the green turtle and the hawksbill turtle which come to the island's beaches to lay their eggs.

Colorful and varied marine fauna

The marine biodiversity of Reunion Island is characterized by its colorful and varied fauna. Tropical fish, such as clownfish and butterflyfish, add a splash of color to coral reefs. Moray eels, rays and octopuses blend seamlessly into their surroundings, while slime sharks and tiger sharks impose their majestic presence. Each dive in Reunion is a real explosion of colors and shapes.

The coral reefs of Reunion

Coral reefs are precious and fragile ecosystems. Réunion is home to magnificent coral reefs, which provide shelter and a food source for many marine species. Corals are living organisms that build solid structures out of calcium carbonate, thus forming reefs. Unfortunately, coral reefs are threatened by climate change, pollution and overfishing. It is essential to protect these unique ecosystems to preserve the marine biodiversity of Reunion Island.

Tropical fish of the Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is famous for its colorful and varied tropical fish. Reunion offers a unique opportunity to observe these fish in abundance in their natural habitat. Among the most common species are clown fish, which live in symbiosis with sea anemones. Butterfly fish, puffer fish and angel fish also add their touch of beauty to the marine biodiversity of La Meeting.

Marine mammals of Reunion Island

The waters of Reunion are also frequented by magnificent marine mammals. Dolphins are often seen on sea trips, swimming and playing in the waves. Humpback whales are regular visitors to Reunion Island, where they come to reproduce and give birth. Observing these giants of the seas in their natural environment is an unforgettable experience.

Sea turtles: valuable guests

Sea turtles play an important role in the marine ecosystem of Reunion Island. These majestic creatures come to the island's beaches to lay their eggs, ensuring the survival of their species. Reunion Island is particularly known for hosting the green turtle and the hawksbill turtle, two endangered species. Protecting their nesting habitats and combating light pollution are essential to ensure the survival of these valuable hosts.

The island's seabirds

In addition to its marine biodiversity, Reunion is also a welcoming land for many seabirds. The island's steep cliffs are home to colonies of birds such as petrels, terns and frigate birds. These majestic birds soar above the waters, diving for fish and soaring gracefully above the waves. Observing these seabirds in their natural habitat offers a unique and spectacular experience.

Protection of marine biodiversity in Reunion

The protection of marine biodiversity is a priority in Reunion. Measures are put in place to preserve marine ecosystems and ensure the survival of the species that live there. Marine protected areas have been established to preserve coral reefs and fragile marine habitats. Awareness and education campaigns are also carried out to inform residents and visitors of the importance of marine biodiversity and encourage environmentally friendly practices.

In conclusion, the marine biodiversity of Reunion Island is a real treasure that deserves to be preserved. This island of exceptional underwater riches offers a variety of fascinating ecosystems and is home to emblematic marine species. From colorful coral reefs to tropical fish to majestic marine mammals, Reunion Island is a paradise for all sea lovers. It is essential to take measures to protect this unique marine biodiversity and ensure its survival for future generations.

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