Colonial Architecture is an architectural style developed by French, British, Spanish and Portuguese settlers during their colonial expansion. In this article, we will focus on French colonial architecture and its legacy in the French-speaking world.
The origins of colonial architecture in France
French colonial architecture was born in the 17th century, when France colonized the Antilles, North America and Africa. Colonial buildings were built to meet the needs of the settlers, using local materials and construction techniques adapted to the climate. Buildings were often constructed of wood, brick, stone, or adobe, and roofs were thatched or tiled.
French colonial architecture evolved over time, depending on the regions colonized and local influences. For example, in the French West Indies, colonial buildings were often constructed of wood with sloping roofs to withstand hurricanes, while in North Africa, buildings were often constructed of stone with flat roofs to withstand heat .